Do you know that 南山 (Nanshan) in the well-known, 4-word phrase 壽比南山 (long life as great as Nanshan) is actually referring to Nanshan of Sanya?
Nanshan (南山, literally translated as South Mountain) is the southernmost mountain in China, and its historic facts and legends have led people to believe Nanshan as a blessed land of auspiciousness and longevity.
And here are some trivia to share…
According to the record from Buddhism scriptures, Guanyin Buddha (观音菩萨) vowed twelve oaths to save all living beings. To dwell at South Sea permanently is the second oath of the twelve.
Master Jianzhen (鉴真法师), the renowned monk in the Tang Dynasty, tried in vain five times to sail eastward to Japan to preach Buddha’s teaching. On his fifth sail to Japan, he drifted to Nanshan by a typhoon. While staying in Nanshan for one year and a half, he set up a temple and did missionary work, and then, finally succeeded in his sixth voyage to Japan.
The Japanese travel monk named Konghai (空海和尚) also landed at Nanshan on his way to learn Buddhism in the Tang Dynasty.